What Is Sustainability?

In its broadest sense, "sustainability" refers to the ability to create and maintain conditions in which a fruitful harmony prevails between man and his environment, today and in the future.

Concepts related to sustainability have developed against a backdrop of economic growth, population growth and the rise in the standard of living, which have resulted in increased exploitation of energy sources alongside declining availability and renewability of natural resources. In order to deal with the environmental impacts while at the same time ensuring continued economic development and prosperity, the principles of sustainability require society to balance between the social, environmental and economic needs on the one hand, and the needs of the present and future generations.

The industrial sector’s potential environmental impact is especially pronounced due to the use of energy and resources as a part of its activity, and therefore this sector is required to conduct itself in a manner consistent with the principles if sustainability. The main principles of sustainability applicable to the industrial sector are the reduction of air pollution, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, increased energy efficiency, sustainable resource management and use of alternative raw materials and fuels.